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Batik Indonesia.

Thursday, April 26, 2012


History of Batik Indonesia                                                                                                                               Batik is historically derived from the days of our fathers, known since XVII century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the shape of animals and plants. But in its development history of batik have evolved, from painting motifs of animals and plants gradually turn to an abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang beber and so on. Furthermore, through the merger of the painting with the art of decorating style clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today.
The type and style of traditional batik quite so much, but the patterns and variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. Cultural treasures such a rich nation Indonesia has prompted the birth of various styles and types of batik tradisioanal with its own specialty features.The development of Batik in IndonesiaThe history of batik in Indonesia related to the development of the Majapahit kingdom and the kingdom afterwards. In some records, the development of batik is mostly done in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.
Batik art is the art image on the cloth for clothing which became one family culture Indonesia kings of old. Batik initially done only limited in the palace alone and proceeds to dress the king and family and his followers. Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by the palace and carried them out in place of each.
 
In the development of batik art gradually imitated by the people nearest and further extends the work of women in the household to fill leisure time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only the royal family, then became a popular folk clothes, both women and men.White fabric that is used when it is the result of homespun. Coloring materials are being used consists of plants native to Indonesia that is made among others of: noni tree, height, Soga, indigo, and materials made from soda ash soda, and salt are made of mud.So the craft of batik in Indonesia has been known since the days of the Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow until the next kingdom. The start spreading this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is it all until the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only then after the world wars or the unity around the year 1920. Now, batik has become part of traditional Indonesian clothing.
Pekalongan BatikAlthough no official records began to be known when the batik in Pekalongan, but according to estimates existing in Pekalongan batik around the year 1800. In fact, according to data recorded at the Ministry, batik motif was created in 1802, as a small tree motif in the form of clothing material.But the significant development expected to occur after a major war in 1825-1830 in the kingdom of Mataram are often referred to as Java Diponegoro war or war. With the onset of this battle royal family and urged his followers to leave many areas of the kingdom. They then spread towards the East and West. Later in the area - a new area that the family and followers develop batik.To the east of Solo and Yogyakarta Batik batik patterns that have been perfected in Mojokerto and Tulungagung to spread to Gresik, Surabaya and Madura. Are being developed towards the west batik in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan. With the existence of this migration, the batik Pekalongan that have been there before growing.Over time, Batik Pekalongan experiencing rapid development compared to other regions. In this area evolves around batik beach areas, namely in the area of ​​the city and region Buaran Pekalongan, Pekajangan and Wonopringgo.Pekalongan encounter people with different nationalities such as Chinese, Dutch, Arabic, Indian, Malay and Japanese in ancient times had colored the dynamics in full color motifs and batik art.In connection with the several types of batik motifs influence the results of the various countries is then known as the identity of Pekalongan batik. As for motive, among others Jlamprang inspired batik from India and Arabia, and batik Encim Klengenan, influenced by the Peranakan Chinese, batik Morning Afternoon by the Dutch, and batik Hokokai, growing rapidly since the Japanese occupation.Cultural development of printing techniques using dye motifs cover the night (candles) on the cloth which was then called batik, is inseparable from the influence of those countries. This shows the context of the flexibility of batik from time to time.Pekalongan batik became highly distinctive because it relies entirely on hundreds of small entrepreneurs, rather than on a handful of entrepreneurs have capital. Since the past decades until now, most of Pekalongan batik production process is done in homes. As a result, closely integrated with batik Pekalongan Pekalongan community life which is now divided into two administrative regions, namely the Municipality and Regency Pekalongan Pekalongan.Tidal development of batik Pekalongan, Pekalongan show worthy of being an icon for the development of batik in the archipelago. Icon for works of art that never gave up with the times and always dynamic. Now, batik has become a breath of everyday life Pekalongan residents and is one of the flagship product. This is because many industries which produce batik. Because the product is famous for its batik, known as the City of Pekalongan Batik. The nickname came from a long tradition rooted in Pekalongan. During that long period, various properties, the variety of uses, type design, as well as batik quality is determined by climate and the presence of fibers of local, historical factors, trade and community readiness to accept and understand the new thinking.Batik is an art culture is admired the world, among the traditional varieties produced by immersion technology hurdles, none of which can be present as beautiful and as smooth as Pekalongan batik.







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